asthma guidelines are created to assist health professionals with the diagnosis, treatment and non pharmological management of this disease. These guidelines are based on research and regularly updated by a group of experts.
Asthma Guidelines for the treatment of acute attacks in hospitals
Hospitalization may be required in acute asthma attacks. Lung function, the amount of oxygen and other indicators of severity determined by laboratory tests, chest X-ray and electrocardiogram (ECG). The following methods can be administered depending on the results
• The standard treatment is a beta2-agonists, which can be given every hour with an inhaler, or administered by nebulization. In most cases, delivery of intravenous isnt recommended.
• Hospitalization can be avoided by use of corticosteroids within an hour of the attack.
• Patients with severe asthma will be treated with magnesium intravenously to open blocked airways
• Administer oxygen can be a life-saver in severe cases
• respirator may be required life-threatening conditions
• If there is no strong evidence of the presence of bacteria, antibiotics are useless for asthma attacks.
Guidelines for discharge and return after hospitalization
three to four hours is what it takes to determine whether a patient needs to be hospitalized or can be sent home. When can a patient be discharged?
• The symptoms have disappeared or are minimal
• If the ratio of peak expiratory flow is 70% or more of the expected rate
What are asthma guidelines for home treatments?
key element to prevent asthma attacks following the prescribed drug treatment, avoid allergies and home monitoring. Write down action plans to guidelines for individual patients that respond to their symptoms. In addition to the combination of drugs, good communication between patient and physician is key to a successful management program.