Asthma, from the Greek, means great spirit is a chronic disease of the respiratory tract with symptoms such as shortness of breath, wheezing, coughing, rapid breathing and chest restriction. Bronchial airways constrict, become inflamed and are lined with excess mucus when exposed to certain triggers also known as the stimulus. In fact, asthma is a result of an immune response in the bronchial airways.
In both asthmatics and non-asthmatics, allergy breathe to find a way to internal airway. Here they are included in the type of cells called antigen cell or APC. These APCs then present the pieces of the allergen to other immune cells. While in most people, these other immune cells just check, and they usually ignore the allergen molecules in asthmatics, although these cells change into another type of cell. The resulting cells activate an important arm of the immune system, known as the humoral immune system that produces antibodies to inhaled allergens. Later, when asthma inhales the same allergen, these antibodies recognize it and activate the immune response. Materials are produced that cause the airways to constrict and release more mucus. This inflammatory response is responsible for the clinical asthma attack. Many studies have shown that asthma, bronchitis and other acute respiratory diseases are caused by air quality.
The most effective treatment for asthma is identifying triggers, such as pets, dust mites or aspirin and limit or eliminate their exposure. It has been shown Desenzitation to allergens to be a treatment option for certain patients
The specific treatment of asthma in patients depending on the severity and frequency of symptoms. Specific treatments for asthma are broadly classified as analgesic, prev enters and emergency procedures. Bronchodialators, in the form of inhalers and nebulisers, is given to relieve symptoms and ease breathing and is recommended for patients who have a unique attack.
Current protocol treatment recommend prevention medications such as inhaled cortcosteroids, which helps to suppress inflammation and reduces the swelling of the mucous membranes respiratory, anyone who has often (more than twice a week) need of relievers or who has severe symptoms. Many asthmatics, like those suffering from other chronic diseases, an alternative. Surveys show that about 50% of patients with asthma use some form of unconventional therapy.