Asthma is a chronic lung disease characterized by inflammation of the airways. Although asthma can not be cured it can be controlled. Asthma may get better or worse over time and need treatment changes. Condition asthma patient changes depending on the environment, patient activities, practices and other factors. Even when patients have their asthma under control, monitoring and management required to maintain control
four major components for long-term control of asthma are -. Assessment and monitoring, pharmacological treatment, monitoring the factors that contribute to asthma severity and patient education to form partnerships. A person with asthma will be looking early and accurate diagnosis.
The next step should be to work with your doctor or allergist to develop a daily action plan for managing symptoms and adhering to the medication plan prescribed by your doctor. Also, the patient should avoid contact with all known triggers and control environment to almost possible. He should then monitor his response to treatment.
Asthma is classified in stages and mild intermittent, mild persistent, moderate persistent, severe persistent and they match the steps pharmacological treatment. All patients must have a short-acting B2-agonist noticing reliever. Patients with mild, moderate or severe persistent asthma need long-term medication daily to control their asthma. In the beginning, the treatment must be on a higher level to achieve rapid control. Adding a course of steroids or oral inhalation, mast cell stabilizers, leukotriene modifiers, or a higher dose of inhaled will help suppress airway inflammation and so quick control rapidly manner.
To reduce the effects of specific allergen in patients with persistent asthma, 1 special allergy should and sensitivity to allergens confirmed or skin vitro tests or medical history. Then the patient should try to reduce or eliminate them. Patient education helps people with asthma to take action to control their symptoms. They also need to be sure that they can effectively control asthma, it will inspire them to follow the asthma action plan. A close partnership between the patient and the doctor is a must to work together to build skills and confidence of the patient, only then it will help to meet the goals of asthma.