Asthma is a chronic disease which affects a lot of people around the world and can cause death. According to the National Heart Lung and Blood Institute in the United States, more than 22 million people asthma and 27% of these people are children.
Recently, the number of children who have asthma is growing. What triggers asthma in children and adults are the same, lung disease that inflames and narrows the airways. This narrow airways become overly sensitive leading to many symptoms such as regular cough severe attack can cause serious respiratory disorders.
What causes asthma?
The exact cause of asthma is not known. The main risk factor is a combination of genetic and environmental. Some of the environmental factors are:
- cat or dog dander, cockroaches, dust mites, pollen.
- tobacco smoke or other air pollutions.
- weather change or cold weather.
How do I know if my child has asthma?
not all children have the same signs. Even symptoms of the same child may vary depending on the situation and attack. Some of the symptoms include:
- continuous coughing during play, at night, or while laughing or crying.
- shortness of breath or fast breathing.
- wheezing, a whistling sound that occurs when you breathe.
What can you do as a parent
If your child is confirmed to have asthma
- learn as much as you can about this disease asthma by reading related articles, gather information, or by asking questions.
- know what are the causes and find ways to prevent the causes. Sometimes the parents are not aware that something we do every day can cause children to have asthma. Smoking is one of the examples.
- understand the treatment process and learn how early we, emergency before sending the child to the hospital.
Finally, the whole world unites to fight this serious chronic disease, asthma. Since 1998 Global Initiative of Asthma (Gina) has organized World Asthma Day to raise awareness of this disease and to improve the lives of people with asthma worldwide.