Asthma is a disease that is present throughout the world. People from all age groups get affected by it. There are studies that suggest that asthma is hereditary in nature so that it is more likely the offspring of infectious diseases if their parents have it. There is also evidence that anyone at any age and level may catch asthma if they did not have any previous family history of the disease.
Asthma can be caused as a reaction to certain allergens present in the atmosphere also people. And it is also a well known fact that a person can be allergic to certain allergens quite suddenly. So asthma can also be termed as a disease which is mainly the outcome of exposure to different kinds of irritants and allergens that one encounters due to modern lifestyle changes.
Asthma is a very frequent occurrence among children. One in ten children suffer from the disease. Usually children outgrow the disease as they grow up than going small children should be treated properly and diagnostic needs to be done effectively. Usually it is very different from adult asthma, childhood asthma. In childhood symptoms are mainly cough and shortness of breath. In some severe attacks symptoms may also be accompanied by fever and shortness of breath. Symptoms do not usually take the form of paroxysmal attack.
Asthma needs to be clearly recognized and identified properly because there is a risk of children developing breast defects if the situation remains undiagnosed and untreated. Although there are so many cases of asthma in children and even so many infants suffer from it, doctors are still hesitant to tell parents if they see wheezing child that their child may be asthma.
The main reason behind this is that it is difficult for the doctor to tell her parents because of asthma associated with a lot of psychological factors and mostly it is considered to be chronic and incurable. Many parents do not even take the situation of their child well. But in fact this is not incurable. This disease can be very well managed and with a small precautions person is able to live a very normal life. In children it is identified with a lot of associated symptoms, too. These are called sounded characteristics. On the other hand it could be argued that children born with these symptoms are more likely to have asthma and if your child shows these symptoms, it is better to get it checked thoroughly rather than waiting for a full blown attack to happen.
These symptoms can be recognized as :.
1. Unusual and persistent colic
2. If your baby is formula feed may be required to change it often . This shows poor adaptability baby to feed.
3. Frequent unexplained diarrhea or constipation.
4. extreme likes and dislikes for certain foods.
5. severe vomiting.
6. Sudden unexplained rash.
7. If one or both parents have had any allergies, children are also prone to allergies and many-a-times displayed this in some form or asthma.
8. sudden chest pain or complaints of dull nagging tightness in the chest.
9. steady weight loss.
10. General lethargy and cranky attitude to everything. This can be very easy to interpret as a lack of interest. This is very easily overlooked symptoms because these days kids are increasingly bored almost everything all the time. This is very easy to interpret as a short attention span.
Many times children who may have asthma may not have clear signs of wheezing, coughing and difficulty breathing. So when the situation is still undiagnosed for a long time looking for one or more of the above warning signs makes a lot of sense.
Treatment of asthma in children takes more or less the same way as adults. Usually bronchodilator used in children as well. This will just give the kids in smaller doses and to facilitate the administration they come in the form of liquid. General corticosteroids are considered the best way they are used in very extreme cases such as after an attack on a very brutal fury. Antibiotics are also generally be avoided in children and they are given only when evidence of infection is overwhelmingly strong.
It is very important to find out everything one possibly can about allergies can be present in a child before giving him any drugs. This exercise also helps in finding out the allergy and subsequent hyposensitization if the allergen is in fact inevitable. General precautions as in other cases, also to take in order to get control o the situation before it aggravates to alarming levels.