Asthma is a chronic disease characterized by periodic attacks of wheezing and difficulty breathing. The cause of asthma attacks is partial obstruction of the bronchi and bronchioles due to contraction of the muscles of the bronchial walls. But with bronchitis, you constantly wheezing until you recover from the disease, with asthma attacks come and go and there are wide variations in the barrier at different times. Asthma can not be cured, but attacks can be relieved with treatment. If asthma attacks are not treated, they usually end naturally.
Most asthma is triggered by allergies to such things as pollen, skin particles (dander) or hair from cats or dogs, or minuscule mites in the dust. Some attacks start for no apparent reason. Attacks can also be caused by infections (especially respiratory), certain medications, inhaled irritants, vigorous exercise, and psychological stress.
What are the symptoms?
The main symptoms of asthma include difficulty breathing, chest tightness, painless, and varying amounts of breath. Sometimes the wheezing is audible only with a stethoscope, but sometimes it is loud enough to be heard across the crowded room. In severe cases, breathing becomes so difficult that it can cause sweating, increased heart rate, and severe anxiety. In very severe attacks face and lips may turn bluish due to declining supply of oxygen in the body.
What are the risks?
Asthma is very common in children of school age. Most children outgrow the condition, and no more than two or three percent of adults is asthma.
A series of severe asthma attacks can be very passive. Every year several thousand people die during the attack. However, most of these people the elderly and other diseases as well. Today, because of some recent medical discoveries, there is little risk of permanent disability or death for people who take asthma seriously and consult a doctor about it.
What to do?
If you have asthma, there are some steps you can take to control asthma attacks. Learn their disease, take self-help measures recommended, and see a doctor when you have a severe and prolonged period of breathlessness. Asthma is a disease that you and your doctor can work together to manage. You can never be sure that the symptoms you’re at home will be the same when the doctor puts a stethoscope to your chest, so you will be able to give a clear description of what happened before and during the attack.
What is the treatment
Self-help 😕 Because asthma is often caused by allergies, the first step in controlling the disease is to try to identify the allergen or irritant, that bothers you. Your physician may be able to help with organizing skin test with suspected allergies, but you can do a lot of detective work yourself. Do you have asthma attacks mainly at one time of the year, and you also have hay fever? If so, are your allergies probably pollen grains. Make your attacks occur more frequently on certain days of the week than the others? This may indicate a link with dust in the workplace, such as flour in the bakery, or something you’re around only when you pursue hobbies, such as flowers in the greenhouse, or in any stressful situation, such as regular visits to the hospital. Is your asthma worse in one room in your house than the other? You may be allergic to mites in dust, especially in the bedroom or in the hair or feathers of pets.
Another possibility is allergic to food or drink. Shellfish, eggs, and chocolate are some common examples of foods that trigger asthma attacks in some people.
You can test theories about what causes asthma attacks by keeping a record of the frequency and severity of your attacks. Keep track of how often attacks with creature suspected allergen or allergens. One way to measure the severity of attack is by using a small peak-flow meter. Your doctor may be able to lend you one if you can not buy one. By measuring the maximum flow of air with the meter when you breathe out, you can keep detailed records of how much air passages in the lungs narrow during the attack.
Once you have identified the allergen, the best treatment for asthma is to avoid the subject. This is fairly simple if the allergen is a particular food or animal. If it is something like grass pollen, you can only take precautions such as staying away from the country in mid-summer. You will be working in collaboration with a doctor to try to control the symptoms.
Even if you can not find the allergen, you can have fewer attacks if you reduce the amount of dust in your house. Either replace feather pillows and fiber filled mattresses with them filled with urethane foam, foam rubber or other non-allergic materials, or install airtight plastic covers on them. Use a vacuum cleaner to remove dust from the cracks, and eliminate rugs or carpets or select species that can host dust free. Be aware, too, that other factors such as some types of exercise or psychological stress as a test in school can bring on attacks
Professional help :. Once the diagnosis is made, a lot can be done for you. Precision account symptoms and probably allergens can help your doctor make a diagnosis without allergy testing. In recent years, treatment of asthma has been improved enormously with the advent of new drugs, which can be taken as pills, liquid or inhaled. These fall into two categories. They include the prevention and bronchodilators. Prophylactics taken regularly to prevent attacks. These are made primarily by people who are very often attacks or who can predict when an attack is likely to occur. Bronchodilators, which are best for people who have only occasional asthma attacks, are taken only after an attack has begun, reducing the symptoms.
Some preventive medicine is inhaled four to six times a day to prevent attacks. These drugs relax bronchial muscles and prevent the airway open. The best way to use this is the spirit in which inhalent goes directly to the site of the obstruction of the lungs. But they can be orally by anyone who finds inhaled difficult to use. If no pills, liquid or inhalant manage to reduce the severe case of asthma, bronchodilators may be injected into the bloodstream. This method works almost always. One group of drugs, steroids is effective in both preventing asthma attacks and reduce their symptoms when they are running.
If asthma attacks are clearly due to allergens such as grass pollen, it may be possible to desensitize the lungs to allergens series of injections. But the drugs discussed above are effective enough that doctors rarely with the desensitization to the treatment of asthma.
Despite the success of drug treatment, asthma attack is sometimes severe enough to require hospitalization. There are three things that can be done for you in the hospital
you can not make yourself at home. First, there are some drug treatments are effective in the form of a fine mist that the patient with breathing apparatus. This device needs professional maintenance. Second, if you are in the hospital, you can give muscle relaxants and associated mechanical ventilator. This treatment eliminates muscle spasms in the air passages within the lungs. Chest muscles can relax, also, where the work of breathing is done by a ventilator. This gives your respiratory system a chance to recover from a severe attack. Third, the presence of nursing and medical staff 24 hours a day can ease your worries about being unable to breathe. What to do for an acute attack?
Sudden acute asthma attack can be scary for you and your family. In most cases, the physician will have prescribed inhaler of bronchodilator or steroid drug. If one dose does not relieve wheezing, you can repeat it in 30 minutes if it is suggested by the doctor. However, you should not use the inhalant again if a second dose is ineffective. Overdose can be dangerous. Instead, call your doctor. It is better to get in touch with a doctor too soon, but wait until it’s too late, since even with medicine today severe asthma (status asthmaticus) can be difficult to treat.
Relatives of asthma are often alarmed by the serious attack, but feel helpless because they do not know what to do about it. Here’s what to do:
1. Get medication and inhalers together on a table, and note the time of asthma taking the first dose of any medication or drugs prescribed for emergencies.
2. Help asthma find the most comfortable position. Usually the best position sitting up, leaning slightly forward and resting on the elbows or arms. Plenty of fresh air is also important.
3. Do not stand around worried group. This just raises the level of anxiety asthma. Someone calm and level below should be patient. All others should quietly go into another room.
4. Add numbers doctor asthma and be ready to call. If you call your doctor is not in, be ready to take asthma, quickly but calmly to the nearest hospital emergency room.